Foot problem/treatment

The Achilles Tendon:

A tendon is a cord of flexible, thick collagen tissues which join a muscle to a bone. It joins the calf muscle to the heel bone on the posterior side of the leg and helps in mobility by lifting the heel off a surface. A sudden force on the foot or ankle can cause Achilles tendon to break or tear causing a rupture.

Achilles Tendon Rupture:

It is vulnerable to rupture injuries more than any other tendon in muscles. The tendon can break due to intense stress by physical activities that require rapid increase in speed, such as excessive running or jumping.

Achilles Tendon Causes:

  • Extra bone growth

  • Tight calf muscles

  • Sudden increase in a repetitive activity

  • Wearing high heels

  • Overuse

Achilles Tendon Symptoms:

  • A sudden snap and severe pain at the back of the ankle or calf felt like being hit, kicked or cut.

  • Swelling, and stiffness, and painful bruising.

  • Inability to stand on tiptoe and pushing off for movement.

Achilles Tendonitis Treatment:

Treatment involves both surgical and non-surgical techniques depending on how severe the injury is along with patient’s health condition. Your achilles tendon surgeon decides the suitable treatment option.

Achilles Tendon Surgery:

Surgical procedures help increase patient’s ability to push-off the heel and improve ankle movement. Surgery can help provide quick recovery. However, there is a risk of wound helaing problems.

Two types of surgeries for Achilles Tendon Treatment:
Open surgery: The achilles tendon specialist performs the procedure with a long, single incision on the backside of the leg.
Percutaneous surgery: Involves several small incisions. After surgery, the surgeon makes foot and ankle immobilized with the use of a cast or walking boot for 6-12 weeks. The patient can leave for home same day.
For those who have jobs that do not require significant physical activity can continue working in 1-2 days while those who need to stand on their feet may have to wait for 6-8 weeks.

Achilles Tendon Recovery:

The total recovery time may take 6 months.

Achilles Tendon Risks:

  • Skin infection at the site of incisions

  • nerve damage

  • Nerve pain

Non-Surgical Treatment:

Treatments alternatives to surgery have increased chance of re-rupture. Non-surgical achilles tendon rupture treatment is preferred for smaller tears and patients who have unsuitable health conditions for surgery. Non-surgical procedures involve immobilization of foot and ankle with a cast, walking boot, or brace.


Regardless of the treatment procedure, physiotherapy is highly recommended for healing of the tendon. It involves exercises for improving movement of foot and ankle.


It is said that prevention is better than cure, you can avoid achilles tendon injury if you:

  • Always accelerate your physical activity slowly

  • Do not continue the exercise if you feel pain or tightness between your calf and heel

  • Perform stretches with your leg and achilles before and after physical activity

  • Reduce running uphill

  • Wear fitting, comfortable shoes

At Achilles Tendon Clinic:

Our achilles tendon specialists provide effective treatment options and guide you more about suitable remedy and expected results. Visit our contact page to get in touch with us.

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