What is Metatarsalgia?
Metatarsalgia is a broad term used to describe pain in the ball of your foot qhich can be due to a many problems related to joints, tendons, ligaments and or nerves. Metatarsalgia can be a very painful condition that limits walking and recreational activities as well as your choice of foot wear.
Causes of pain in ball of the foot & Metatarsalgia treatment:
Morton’s neuroma is a benign swelling and thickening of the nerve often affecting the ball of the 3rd and 4th toe causing a sharp shooting pain, burning and feeling of a lump.
Investigations usually include ultrasound to confirm size and location followed by injections or surgery if the guided injections fail.
Bursitis is a swollen sack of bursa fluid that is naturally found between metatarsals. It often gets irritated and inflamed by tight fitting shoes, sports or thinning of the fat pad under the balls of the feet.
Joint swelling often known as capsulitis or synovitis can be as a result of trauma, over use or systemic factor associated with disease.
After a detailed history we may request specialist investigations to diagnose the joint swelling, including X-rays, ultrasound and/or MRI followed by treatment with orthotics and injections.
Plantar Plate Tear:
Plantar plate tear is a ligament tear at the ball of the toe joint causing, swelling and a lump like feeling. If left untreated a plantar plate this can lead to floating and hammer toe deformity.
Specialised ultrasound or MRI Arthrogram is required to conform diagnosis, plantar plate tear often requires surgery if it is not treated immediately with splinting.
Hammer toe can often cause pain in the ball of the foot due to the toes buckling.
Surgical straightening of the toes can be performed to correct the underlying cause.
A genetically long metatarsal can often cause forefoot imbalance and increased pressure resulting in joint pain and problems. Shortening of the metatarsal can resolve this problem.
It is important to accurately distinguish between the causes of Metatarsalgia and accurately diagnose the underlying cause.
A combination of X-rays, Ultrasound and MRI are used to diagnose Metatarsalgia the problem Early diagnosis and prevention can prevent surgical intervention.
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