Shin Splints: A Very Common Exercise-Induced Condition
Shin Splints Are A Very Common Exercise-Induced Condition. Shin splints actually refers to the pain that is felt along the inner edges of the shinbone or tibia. The condition generally develops after some physical activity, such as running. However, one should remember that any kind of vigorous sports may lead to shin splints, particularly if a person is just starting with his or her fitness program. There are a number of simple measures that can be used for relieving the pain related to shin splints. For instance, rest and ice along with stretching can help to bring comfort. It is also important not to accidentally overdo the exercise routine in order to prevent the shin splints from recurring.
Shin splints, also referred to as medial tibial stress syndrome can be described as a major inflammation of the tendons, muscles and the bone tissues around the tibia. The pain usually occurs along the inner line or border of tibia, a spot where the muscles attach themselves to the bone. Usually, shin splints develop in areas where the muscles and the bone tissues or periosteum in the leg become stressed or overworked due to repetitive activity. The condition often develops after sudden alterations in a physical activity routine. For instance, changes in frequency or even changes in the intensity and duration can give rise to shin splints. Some of the other factors that may give rise to shin splints include having abnormally rigid arches or flat feet or exercising with worn-out or improper footwear. In most instances, it has been found that runners are a highly vulnerable group to this condition and they often develop shin splints. The condition can also be observed in military recruits and dancers as well.
Once the condition develops one may experience major pains right along the border section of the tibia. This can also be accompanied by some mild swelling. The pain may be either razor-like and sharp or throbbing and dull and may occur during as well as after the exercise routines and they can be easily aggravated when touched or impacted in the sore spot. A specialist is going to diagnose the condition by evaluating the medical history of the patient and closely examining parts of the lower leg. As there can be other factors that may lead to shin pain, the specialist is going to determine first that the pains are not caused by any of the other factors such as tendinitis, stress fracture and chronic exertional compartment syndrome.
Once the underlying factors for shin splints have been found, the specialist is going to recommend a number of nonsurgical methods to manage the condition. These include NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen as they can help in reducing pain and swelling. This can be accompanied by ice, compression, flexibility exercises, supportive shoes and orthotics to enhance their effectiveness and initiate fast healing.